Forts and castles of Ghana are architectural relics that were built in XV-VII century. The Art Group took part in a trip to Elmina and the main purpose of this activity was sightseeing of the castle. Our guide told us a very interesting story about the history of this place and slavery. All children listened carefully to every single word about their ancestors.

At first, forts were built to protect the trade (gold, pepper and elephants’ bones - this part of the world used to be called the Golden Coast) and all products imported from Europe. St. Jorge’s castle in Emina, built by the Portuguese in 1482, is the oldest European castle in Africa. In XVII century the Portuguese castle was overtaken by the Dutch. During the next period the English, Swedish and Dutch were fighting for castles and protection forts. The best preserved castles which were used fort trading slaves till 1630 are St. Jorge’s Castle in Elmina, Christiansborg in Akra and Cape Coast Castle in Cape Coast.

In the dark and wet undergrounds of the castle it was easy to imagine how thousands of Africans would wait for the ships to the “New World”. Everyone was moved by the stories about rebels locked in dark rooms without any food nor water, women who were left outside in the scorching heat with a rock tied to their legs because they did not want to be raped and about those who did not survive these conditions and were simply thrown in the ocean. The last stage of this ‘road to slavery’ was going through “The Door of No Return”. Over a million of slaves were transported from this place to various parts of the world.

In this castle, the very first African school was established. It was a school for white children. The British were using Elmina castle to train their police. Today Elmina city is known mainly as a fishing harbour.

You will find more pictures from this trip on facebook – Freespirit Foundation

http://www.facebook.com/bookmarks/pages#!/media/set/?set=a.10150935649277745.434510.48968852744&type=1



Zmieniony ( Piątek, 01 Marzec 2013 17:38 )