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Fishing activities and ecological problems

Moree is a fishing town situated on the coast of Ghana ( Central Region ) 8 km from the historic town of Cape Coast. Moree has around 30,000 inhabitants. It is not certain how many exactly as most of them are not registered. Approximately 90 % make their living on fishing. Mainly all of the Morees, directly or indirectly depend on the fishing activities of the community. In the great majority, men work as fishermen, women work as fishmongers or trade with other basic goods need to basic life.


Since the 90´s up to the present time, the coasts of Ghana became a place where extensive fishing takes place, the waters are fished also by foreign countries. The arrival of new, better equipped, boats and the illegal fishing methods have led to a decrease in the number of catches. Foreign ships are not being controlled by the Ghanian government and they are using illegal fishing methods such as diamond lights, dynamite and fishing with trawling pairs. The foreign boats often destroy the local fishermen’s nets. Before the arrival of foreign fishing boats the locals were able to fish all year round. At the present time they have been forced to reduce the fishing period to three months in summer (July-September) and three months in winter (December-February). They claim that the length of the fishing season has been decreasing gradually.

When going fishing, the expenses of petrol, food, nets and canoe maintenance, are paid in advance by the canoe owner. After taking out the owner’s salary and covering expenses, the final profit is divided equally among all the crew members. In the case of being unsuccessful, the owner loans money to the fishermen to go fishing again and they then try to pay it back with the new stock. This loaning system, the continuing decrease of hauls and other external factors such us the rise in petrol prices,often bring the fishermen to a situation when they are in constant debt.


Environmental, social and economic problems














The facilities for the locals are scarce: roads are not asphalted, no sewage system exists, six public wells provide water for most of the inhabitants. In the great majority of the houses there are no toilets, there are only five public toilets with about ten latrines in each one. Electricity is present in most homes, but families do not have sufficient funds to pay bills or fix poor level broken electric installations. The most common type of constructions in terms of houses found in Moree are mainly single rooms built of mud bricks, where multiple members of the same family co-inhabit. A separation of the sexes exists, meanign that women and children live separately to men. Almost all of the Moree inhabitants depend directly or indirectly on the fishing activities of the community. During the rainy season roads are hardly accessible and children stay at home.

Lack of toilets, sewage systems and hard surface roads facilitates favorable conditions for vermin, insects and above all malaria carrying mosquito.

Lack of money for medical care and insurance leads to using traditional healing methods, continuation of superstition and high levels of mortality. 

Local beliefs, tradition and religion (widespread activity of various churches) are deepening the poverty. The poor donate their income towards building of new churches in hope that it will aid their hauls instead of investing in the education and future of their children.
















There are around 10 thousand children in Moree, half of them at school age. There are 11 primary schools here including 3 national schools. The remaining ones are private, poor small schools. About 2,5 thousand children who should be educated do not attend any school. The main reason is poverty. Children are forced to work, help at home, take care of younger siblings.

Life in Moree goes on outdoors – children are washed in the streets as well as biling and fish smoking takes place here. During fishing season the smog is present everywhere. In Moree there is small market square, a few pubs, a cinema (if this public utility place can be so named), several hairdressers, carpenter’s and tailor’s shops and plenty of small stores with various basic products e.g. drinking water. 



Account in WBK bank
PLN - 46 1090 1098 0000 0001 0630 2890

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